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The gum is the soft tissue that covers the top of the jaws and the bottom of the teeth. It is part of the periodontal tissue that surrounds the teeth and supports them in the mouth. The lower and upper jaw of a person has a pinkish-colored gingiva into which, visually, the tooth row is immersed. The color of the gum and its appearance can indicate both local and general health problems.
If you are experiencing gum problems (swelling, bleeding, or pain) contact us at +380 (68) 770-61-77 and we will help you resolve the problem!"
Gum functions include:
- Protection of teeth. The gums act as a barrier, protecting the teeth from external influences such as trauma or bacteria.
- Tooth support. The gums help support the teeth where they belong, providing stability and preventing teeth from shifting.
- Shock absorption.They absorb shocks, such as when chewing, softening the impact on the tooth root.
- Creating an aesthetic contour. Healthy gums form an aesthetically pleasing contour around the teeth, contributing to the beautiful appearance of the smile.
- Maintaining cleanliness. They help keep your teeth clean by providing a barrier to bacteria and helping to prevent disease.
Gum care includes brushing regularly, flossing, visiting the dentist, and following general dental and oral care guidelines.
People often wonder why gums bleed, gums swell, and hurt, gums are red or ulcers appear on the surface. Many assume that this is a temporary and not dangerous phenomenon, which can be cured by home methods. For example, rinse the gums with herbal solutions or anoint some soothing gel. But red, bleeding, or swollen gums can be a symptom of a serious condition that requires medical treatment.
There are several common gum diseases. Here are some of them:
- Cervical caries (gum caries). Inflammation and destruction of the gums caused by plaque that contains bacteria. This can lead to the formation of tooth decay and gingivitis.
- Gingivitis. This is an inflammation of the gums caused by the presence of plaque. It is characterized by swelling, redness, and bleeding of the gums.
- Periodontitis. This is a more serious condition in which inflammation spreads to deeper tissues, including bone tissue. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
- Parodontitis. Severe inflammation of the tissues around the teeth, including the gums and bone tissue. Can lead to significant damage and loss of teeth.
- Gingivostomatitis. An inflammation of the gums and oral mucosa is often caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi.
- Gum hyperplasia. An increase in gum volume can be caused by various factors such as medications.
- Gum recession. The gums pull away from the teeth, which can lead to the tooth root being exposed. Can be caused by a variety of factors, including improper brushing or genetics.
It's important to maintain regular hygiene practices, visit your dentist for preventive checkups, and treat any gum problems early to prevent serious complications.
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Symptoms of gum disease
Symptoms of gum disease can vary depending on the specific disease, and only a dentist can determine what is causing your gum problems at your appointment. Here are a few common symptoms that may indicate gum problems:
- Bleeding gums. If your gums bleed when brushing or flossing, it could be a sign of gingivitis or other gum disease.
- Swelling and redness. Inflamed gums can be swollen and red. This is often associated with gingivitis or more serious gum disease.
- An inflamed gum can be swollen and red.
- Gum sensitivity. Feeling pain or sensitivity in the gum area can indicate problems such as periodontitis or periodontal disease.
- An unusual shape or color of the gums. Some diseases can change the shape or color of your gums, so pay attention to any changes.
- Bad breath. Gum disease can cause bad breath.
- Gum hyperplasia or recession. Enlarged or receding gums can be a sign of various conditions.
- Bare tooth roots. If you notice that the roots of your teeth have become more visible due to receding gums, this could be a sign of gum recession.
- Tooth roots have become more visible due to receding gums.
- The gums are pulling away from the teeth. A common sign of gum problems that can threaten problems with the roots and nerve endings of the teeth.
- Gums pulling away from the teeth.
- The appearance of purulent or bloody discharge. This can be a sign of more serious infections in the gums or an abscess.
If you have these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist for professional evaluation and treatment. Regular visits to the doctor can help prevent many gum problems.
What are the dangers of gum disease?
Gum disease can pose serious risks to your oral and overall health. Here are a few reasons why it's important to treat gum disease and prevent it from developing:
- Parodontitis. This is an inflammatory disease of the gums and destruction of the bones that support the teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
- An increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There is some association between gum disease and cardiovascular disease. Inflammation in the gums can affect the cardiovascular system.
- Diabetes. Gum disease can make it difficult to control blood sugar levels, which increases the risk of developing and worsening diabetes.
- Preterm labor. Pregnant women with gum disease have an increased risk of preterm labor and low birth weight.
- Risk of infections. Gum disease can contribute to infections throughout the body, as bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream.
- All gum disease can contribute to infections throughout the body.
- Loss of teeth. Gingivitis and periodontitis, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss, which affects bite function, digestion, and appearance. Only dental crowns or dental implants will restore the entire tooth row.
- Bad breath. Gum disease can be a cause of bad breath, which affects social interactions.
- Gum hyperplasia and recession. These changes can affect the aesthetics of the smile and lead to tooth sensitivity.
Gum problems can trigger more serious diseases in the body, which you will need to spend more time and effort to treat. In addition, the damage caused to the body by various types of diseases is not always reversible.
Gum problems can also trigger more serious diseases in the body that will take more time and effort to treat.
How to treat gum disease?
Patients often come to dental clinics and ask the following questions:
- Painful gums, what to do?
- Bleeding gums, what to do?
- Swollen gums, what to do?
- Inflamed gums, what to do?
- Sore gums, how to treat?
At the same time, they do not realize that just to treat the symptom - it is obviously a losing option. It is necessary to fight not with symptoms, but with the cause of their appearance, and for this purpose, the specialist must determine what exactly caused the problems with the gums.
Treatment of gum disease depends on the type and degree of the disease and in most cases is a complex approach, which requires systematic. In general terms, treatment of the cause of pain, swelling and bleeding from the gums is as follows:
- Professional cleaning. The dentist performs professional cleaning of teeth and removal of dental deposits and tartar.
- Treatment of gingivitis. If the inflammation is localized in the gums (gingivitis), the dentist may recommend brushing and maintaining good oral hygiene. Medications and rinses are sometimes used to control inflammation.
- Root cleaning. If there is tartar under the gums that is causing periodontitis, a root cleaning may be necessary.
- Surgical treatment. In cases of more serious gum disease such as periodontitis, surgical intervention such as root canal cleanings, treatment of dental pockets, and bone and gum regeneration may be required.
- Antibiotics. Antibiotics may be prescribed in some cases, especially if an infection is present.
- Treatment of gum hyperplasia and gum recession. In some cases, surgical techniques may be required to correct gum hyperplasia or recession.
- Health maintenance. Patients may be advised to maintain good oral hygiene, including proper brushing, flossing, regular visits to the dentist, etc.
It is important to note that effective treatment of gum disease requires an individualized approach and cooperation with the doctor. Treatment should be started as early as possible to prevent further complications and maintain oral health.
To make an appointment with a dentist for gum treatment, you can call +380 (68) 770-61-77 or fill out the form on the website «UAmedTOURS».